Indian Wedding Rituals and Importance of Ornaments


Indian wedding traditions vary with religion, caste, language, region etc. The sweetest Indian wedding tradition is surely the one where both the bride and groom make promises to each other to be together forever. Indian wedding is one of the best marriage ceremonies ever in which brides and grooms wear traditional dresses with traditional jewellery.

Why do we apply henna for wedding ceremonies and what are its benefits?

Mehndi (Heena) is exciting, especially for the pre-wedding ceremony. The use of heena is considered immensely auspicious in many traditions around the world. In Ayurveda, mehndi is considered a very powerful medicinal herb. Weddings are stressful that can lead to headaches and anxiety. Mehndi acts as a coolant, as it is smooth and relaxes the body and nervous system from getting tense. Henna on hand and feet improves blood circulation in the body and enhances general health. The initial practice of applying mehndi in ancient times began to protect the couple and keep them healthy. Mehndi that is applied during Indian weddings is not only just a plain paste of mehndi powder and water but also helps with medicinal purposes.

Why is haldi applied to bride and groom before wedding?

The haldi ceremony is the one where a paste of haldi is applied to the bride and groom’s body before their wedding. This ceremony is held at both the bride and groom’s place.

In Hinduism, turmeric is commonly used in weddings rituals and prayers. Ceremonies have great religious and spiritual significance. Spiritually, it is used to balance the energies of the body while medicinally it is well known as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antiseptic, digestive, anti-oxidants and diuretic agent.

Almost all Hindu rituals have a role of turmeric in them. As turmeric is associated with fertility and prosperity, it is used during the haldi ceremony at Hindu weddings. It signifies the ritual purification of a new couple and serves as a blessing of fortune and prosperity. It is also intended to relax the bride and groom and dispel any anxiety. The application of turmeric on the body acts as a cleanser and purifier both literally and symbolically.

Why do we apply Sindoor and what is the importance of Tilak in religious ceremonies ?

Culturally, we attach a lot of importance to the holy tilak on the forehead. Applying sandalwood or vermilion tilak (sindoor) is a common practice in India. The space between eyebrows is associated with the institution and the forehead signifies spirituality. So, when a long tilak is put, starting from Ajna Chakra between eyebrows and moving upward, then it takes the individual’s thoughts towards spirituality which is an important purpose of any religious act. It is believed that the base of the ring finger is sun and thus applying tilak with the ring finger provides peace. The ring finger should be used to apply tilak.

In India, married women apply red kumkuma to the parting of their hair above the forehead every day as a symbol of marriage. This is called vermilion or Sindoor. A vermilion mark in the parting of the hair just above the forehead is applied as a commitment towards longer life and for the well-being of their husband and the groom.

Did you know that wearing of nose ring and earrings has surprising health benefits?

Since a very ancient time, nose piercing and ear piercing was given great importance in Indian culture. As per the ayurveda, when the left side of the nose is pierced, it affects the nerves in this area which are connected to the uterus and other reproductive organs. It significantly helps to reduce menstrual cramps and eases pain during childbirth. It was believed that the nose was also involved with fertility. The left nose aligns to Ida Naadi and the left subtle nerves that pass from the ajna chakram to mooladhanam representing the clam, cooling and healing energy.

Earring prevents diseases like hernia and hydrocele. It is also believed that ear-piercing regulates the menstrual cycle in girls and prevents hysteria and other diseases. The flow of current in the human body is maintained by wearing earrings.

Why do Indian women wear mangalsutra?

The gold wire of the mangalsutra destroys the distressing vibrations present in the universe through its energy of the absolute fire element. The black color of the beads is said to absorb all negative vibrations before they can reach the bride. The mangalsutra is the symbol of Deity Shiva and Goddess shakti. It is believed that the black bead of mangalsutra is blessed with divine powers to protect the married couple. It is also believed that the wife wears a mangalsutra to shield her husband from bad luck or danger. This holy thread is to be worn for the long life of the husband. Wearing a mangalsutra helps in developing a healthy immune system. It helps in regularizing blood pressure and blood flow and keeps her fresh and energetic.

Why do Indian women wear bangles?

It does not just enhance the look of a bride but also has health benefits that would surprise you. Bangles can provide positivity that they can absorb positive vitalities and purity of the surroundings. Glass bangles can remove negative energies. Two colors of bangles are recommended Red and Green. Green has a divine quality of being peaceful and vibrant while red has the power to destroy evil. Bangle helps to maintain blood circulation levels and are gifted to women during the baby shower because the tinkle of bangles provides acoustic stimuli to the baby. Studies have shown that cheerful and calming music reduce a pregnant women’s stress and depression and helps the Foetus develop the ability to hear. Glass bangles repulse the bad vibes in the surroundings and protect the baby of the wearer from evil agents in the atmosphere.

Why do Indian women wear Kamarbandh, Anklets (Payal), Toe rings?

 Kamarband is worn on the waist by married hindu women. It helps in regulating the menstrual cycle and is said to provide relief from menstrual cramps. A kamarbandh is said to prevent saturation of fat around the waist area and maintain a proper figure.

Wearing anklets (Payal) is beneficial in being a cure of gynaecological disorders like menstrual disease, infertility and hormonal imbalance. The pain relief comes from the constant friction between the anklet and it increases blood circulation. It also reduces swelling, leg pain, general weaknesses in your legs and helps bones to get stronger. The Toe ring of both feet proves to be very helpful for women in getting pregnant because it helps in resolving gynaecological issues.

One usually sees hindu women wearing gold ornaments in the upper part of the body and silver ornaments in the lower parts. As per scientific principles, the reaction of silver is good with the Earth’s energy, while the reaction of gold with the body’s energy and aura. Therefore, silver ornaments are worn as payal, toe rings and Kamarbandh. Whereas gold is used for the upper part of the body.

Why kanyadaan is important in Hindu marriage?

Kanya means girl and daan means endowment giving or donation. Daan is considered as the highest and luckiest privilege in men or women’s life as per hindu tradition. Parents are sending their Laxmi (the goddess of their home) to the groom’s house so that she brings prosperity to the groom’s life similar to how she brought prosperity in her parent’s life.

It is believed that the donation of the bride who is considered as the form of goddess laxmi to the groom who is considered as Lord Shiva will help the parents in attending Moksha. All the sins which were performed by the bride’s parents can be washed away if they perform the ritual of kanyadaan during the wedding. This is the reason why it is considered as the holy ritual that can help the parents attain “Swarg” after death!