What Is Monkeypox: Signs, Symptoms and Preventive Treatment

monkey virus

A rare disease caused by Monkeypox virus and is similar to smallpox. It is mainly spread through infected rodents with human contact. It was first observed in 1958 with two outbreaks of pox-like disease. It’s majorly being observed in Africa and simultaneously spreading its wings to other regions including US, India. World Health Organization (WHO) reported a total of 18,000 Monkeypox cases in 78 countries. It is to be noted that people who have lower immunity specially children under the age of 8, pregnant women are at a greater risk of getting the infection.

Signs and symptoms

Some early signs of monkeypox include symptoms similar to flu such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Aches in muscles
  • Cold
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Rashes on skin

There is uncertainty with the virus as you might have it even without being aware of especially because of symptoms that you might not develop. The rash begins with the face followed by hands, feet and gradually spreads to other parts of the body. These spots even turn to blisters filled with pus. It’s recommended to immediately visit a doctor once you observe the rash development.

How does it occur?

Monkeypox occurs through the transmission of infection from humans or animals. Whether the virus gets transmitted through semen or vaginal fluids is still unknown. Also, the recent contamination in clothing or bedding used by an infected person catches this virus.

Preventive steps

The best way to prevent the infection is:

  • Being hydrated
  • Avoiding contact with infected people or animals
  • Washing your hands frequently with soap and water
  • Avoiding contact with clothes, bedding contaminated with virus
  • Use disinfectants wherever necessary

Diagnosis and treatment

In case of occurrence, immediately isolate yourself in a room until your rash heals. Unfortunately, there’s no approved antiviral treatment for monkeypox currently, though some antobiotics may be used for secondary treatment of bacterial infections. Health specialists may also recommend antiviral drugs such as tecovirimat (TPOXX) or brincidofovir (Tembexa), the one used to treat smallpox.


The complications of monkeypox may include:

  • Death, but in rare cases
  • Blindness
  • Scars on face, legs, arms, etc.
  • Other severe infection


After the covid-19 pandemic, there are certain unknown kinds of viruses such as monkeypox that have arisen and kept the trouble ongoing. Preventive steps are essential to keep yourself away from getting infected with this virus. Even in case of minor rashes, visit a healthcare provider and get the signs tested.

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